Engineering & Turbine Specialists
Control valves are valves used to control conditions such as flow, pressure, temperature, and liquid level by fully or partially opening or closing in response to signals received from controllers that compare a "setpoint" to a "process variable" whose value is provided by sensors that monitor changes in such conditions.
The opening or closing of control valves is done by means of electrical, hydraulic or pneumatic systems. Positioners are used to control the opening or closing of the actuator based on electrical or pneumatic signals. These control signals were traditionally based on 3-15psi (0.2-1.0bar) but 4-20mA signals are now more commonly used for industry. With the introduction of "Smart" systems; HART, Fieldbus Foundation, & Profibus are the more common communication protocols available.
The primary function of a control valve is for throttling which is achieved by varying the restriction caused by the internal trim components. Various control valve trims are available in order to deal with certain process requirements such as characterisation, anti-cavitation and low noise.
|Common Materials of Construction||Material Specifications|
|Standard Carbon Steel||ASTM A105|
|Low temperature Carbon Steel||ASTM LF2|
|Stainless Steel||ASTM A182 F316|
ASTM A182 F316L
ASTM A182 F304
ASTM A182 F304L
ASTM A182 F321
ASTM A182 F347
ASTM A351 CF8M
ASTM A351 CF3M
|Other||Available on request|